Cabrillo College: Combined Processes

Cabrillo: Combined Processes

AP 32 Course Outline

1 – 3 Unit(s)

1 Hour(s) Lecture require a total of 18 hours

1 Hour(s) Laboratory require a total of 18 hours

C-ID Number: 0

AP 32 Combined Processes

Explores the use of traditional and digital imaging techniques with traditional, digital and alternative media. Includes traditional and digital techniques for creating enlarged negatives for contact printing, as well as methods for combining photographic imagery with other art media and non-traditional materials.



AP 9A or

AP 6 or

ART 4 or

DM 1 or equivalent skills.

Recommended Preparation

Eligibility for ENGL 100 and READ 100

Core Cabrillo Communication - reading, writing, listening, speaking and/or conversing Competencies

Critical Thinking and Information Competency - analysis, computation,

research, problem solving

Global Awareness - an appreciation of scientific processes, global systems and civics, and artistic variety

Personal Responsibility and Professional Development - self-management and self-awareness, social and physical wellness, workplace skills

Learning Outcomes

1. Evaluate and synthesize traditional, alternative and non-traditional image making techniques within a photographic context.

2. Investigate the combination of digital image making techniques with photographic contact printing, printmaking and non-traditional methods and materials.

3. Construct a portfolio of images integrating digital, traditional,

alternative, printmaking, and non-traditional photographic imaging methods.


1. Describe the applications of photographic image making processes with gelatin silver, alternative (historical non-silver), printmaking and non-traditional materials.

2. Summarize the parallels between digital and traditional photographic techniques.

3. Develop digital solutions for traditional darkroom techniques.

4. Produce enlarged negatives utilizing traditional and digital techniques.

5. Apply fundamental darkroom techniques and skills to create contact prints on gelatin-silver, alternative sun print, photo-printmaking, and non-traditional materials.

6. Demonstrate skills in digital printing processes.

7. Identify relationships between photographic processes and other 2D art


8. Integrate digital, traditional, alternative photographic processes and photo-printmaking processes with principles of design, composition and visual communication to create expressive visual images.

9. Produce images combining digital, traditional, alternative, printmaking and non-traditional materials utilizing traditional and contemporary practices.

10. Critically assess aesthetic and content issues in combined process imagery and presentation methods.


1. Overview of historical and contemporary examples of contact prints and photograms on traditional and alternative materials.

2. Overview of historical and contemporary examples of images produced with photo-printmaking techniques.

3. Process related composition and design issues.

4. Principles of combining negatives, objects and collaged materials to create constructed images.

5. Developing ideas: Concept, content and visual communication in alternative and experimental photographic methods and non-traditional materials.

6. Comparison of analog and digital approaches for creating enlarged negatives.

7. Digital and analog techniques for producing enlarged negatives.

8. Digital image manipulation and printing techniques.

9. Utilizing enlarged negatives with silver and non-silver photographic materials.

10. Utilizing enlarged negatives with photo-printmaking, and non-traditional processes.

11. Creating photograms using photographic, photo-printmaking and non-traditional materials.

12. Collage and mixed media techniques with a variety of photographic,

art and non-traditional materials and processes.

13. Applied color theory and color considerations with specific processes.

14. Solving problems encountered with digital, traditional and non-traditional techniques.

15. Presentation methods.


Out-of-class Assignments

1. Research.

2. Experiments.

3. Photographing.

4. Gallery viewing.

5. Field trips.

6. Text readings.

7. Readings from assigned articles and handouts.

In-class Assignments

1. Explain, justify, interpret and critically assess photographs during critique sessions, facilitated discussions and individual presentations.

2. Apply principles, solve problems and improvise solutions during laboratory work and group exercises.

Students are expected to spend 2.00 hours in class and 2.00 hours outside of class.


Typical classroom assessment techniques



This is a degree-applicable course, but substantial writing assignments are NOT appropriate because it primarily involves skill demonstrations or problem solving. Assessment methods include field work, in-class exercises, quizzes, and critiques.

Required Assignments

Class Work

Home Work

Lab Activities


Letter Grade or P/NP


May be taken 3 times.

Representative Texts

Barnier, John (2000).

Coming Into Focus: A Step by Step Guide to Alternative Photographic Printing Processes. Chronicle Books.

ISBN: 0811818942

Hirsch, R. (2008). Photographic Possibilities (3/e). Focal Press. ISBN:


Henning, R. (2006). Water-Based Screenprinting Today: From Hands-On Techniques to Digital Technology Watson-Guptill. ISBN: 0823057293

Blacklow, L. (2007). New Dimensions in Photo Processes (4/e). Focal Press. ISBN: 0240807898

Hinkel, B., R, Reeder (2006). Digital Negatives: Using Photoshop to Create Digital Negatives for Silver and Alternative Process Printing (1/e).

Focal Press. ISBN: 0240808541

Schminke, K., D. Krause, B. Lhotka (2004). Digital Art Studio:

Techniques for Combining Inkjet Printing with Traditional Art Materials

Watson-Gupthill. ISBN: 0823013421

Cartwright, A. (2007). Mixed Emulsions: Altered Art Techniques for

History Approved: 09/02/2009 by Renee Kilmer

CID: 2657

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